September 27, 2006
October 20, 2005
May 23, 2006
Originally posted by gap
I use cotton balls to clean my moulds, and cotton buds to get into sharp corners. If the top of your chocolate bar is becoming like marble, is it possible your chocolate is out of temper?
I'd agree with the out of temper comment. My wife is currently learning to temper chocolate so we have some very recent experience of what out-of-temper looks like 😉
One such characteristic is that the chocolate takes on a marbled-effect to its surface when extracted from the mould.
I'd retemper and try again. Clean the moulds with cotton wool (as previously suggested).
February 23, 2006
It is possible the chocolate could be slightly out of temper, but a good way to know if it is tempered is if there is a sheen to it, when you pop it out of the molds and if there is shine but some dull areas then your molds are not being cleaned properly. I wash the molds with a non abrasive soap (liquid is best) and rinse thoroughly clean, dry with soft paper towels, and finally, buff with cheesecloth. I used to use cotton balls but they sometimes leave the fibers behind and they get into the chocolate. The buffing gives the maximum performance, in my opinion. By the way, are these the thin plastic molds or are they the polycarbonate, the heavy duty molds give a much better finished product. If you are using the thin plastic molds, and they have been used for a while, you may not get good results even if the chocolate is tempered. They don't last too long. Good luck!
Keep it Sweet!
I use cotton and a bit of cocoa butter on our polycarbonate molds with really nice results, fwiw.
October 13, 2009
Originally posted by jupaka
I have a problem and maybe someone can help me. The top of chocolate bars become like marble, I think maybe, my moulds was prepared not right. What is the best method for clearning chocolate moulds.
Thank You very much
p.s. Sorry for my English
People have mentioned the "out of temper" problem - and I am virtually certain that this is what you're experiencing - but nobody so far has explained what temper *is*. Since it's possible you're not familiar with this term, an explanation.
The fat in chocolate, cocoa butter, doesn't have a single melting/crystallisation point. Rather, there are many, and depending on what temperature it's at when it solidifies, it can fall into various crystal forms. Only one of those, however, gives chocolate the right texture and stability. So it's critical that you make sure that it solidifies at this temperature. This process is called "tempering". Here's what's involved.
The basic idea in principle is that after melting, you cool it down to a specific temperature (just below the solidification point for that correct crystal form). You then stir it in a specific way to encourage proper solidification. Then you very gently warm it ever-so-slightly, then pour into your moulds. Hopefully at this point it's been tempered. There are a few approaches to doing this in practice.
Method 1 uses a marble slab and palette knife. You pour about 1/2 to 2/3 of the chocolate onto the slab, spade it around with the palette knife until it just starts to solidify, then quickly scrape it back into the rest of the chocolate. Then stir once again and pour.
Method 2 uses a bowl and some pretempered chocolate. This only works if you're simply remelting tempered chocolate you intend to use in some way, because otherwise you won't have the pretempered chocolate to hand. Anyway, you get the pretempered chocolate in nice little bits. Then, after melting, let the chocolate cool to about 30C, stir in the bits (these are called the "seed"), and stir. Try to get the chocolate into a good glossy, stiffening mass.
Method 3 uses a bowl and a dual double-boiler rig. The first double boiler contains hot water, the other warm to tepid. What you do here is after melting over the hot, pass it over to the warm to tepid and allow to cool, spooning the chocolate around the sides, until you see signs of it getting solid at the rim (and it should have a nice sheen). At that point, stir well and put it very briefly (seconds at most) over the hot water. Then pour into the moulds.
Method 1 is generally the most successful and reliable, although it requires the most specialised equipment. Others trade off various aspects of ease and convenience against certainty of result. In all 3 cases, you will find it much easier going with a chocolate tempering thermometer which is a sensitive, fast-response thermometer tuned to the critical range (35-25C). Practice is also useful because as everyone will observe, in time you can make the judgements visually and will be able to temper in your sleep.
Apologies to NG regulars for the long explanation of what most of you already know. I figure this problem is so diagnostic and by the OP's remarks it seems clear the possibility exists he isn't familiar with tempering that I thought an elaboration was in order.
September 27, 2006
Thank Your All for valuable info, but the problem (I think)is not a "out of temper". I made a mistake when I say "The top of chocolate bars become like marble", its not like marble it's rather, some trace of fat our ... I don't know, but it's stays of the top of bar, after pulling away from the mold. When chocolate goes harden, the sides of bar and the middle releasing not in one moment, and it's leaving some traces. So if You know where is a problem, please help me.
and once again - sorry for my English
July 13, 2006
May 29, 2005
I have been having an ongoing problem with "blemishing" on the top of my larger moulded objects. I can temper chocolate in my sleep!!, but the top will look out of temper. I have talked with the Barry Callebaut chefs and they have tried to troubleshoot. My best help has been with Michael Recchiuti. He says that the chocolate is cooling unevenly and that I should put a fan on, to get airflow over and under the mould. That has been the most helpful to me. It still is very tricky to get a nice moulded piece of chocolate without the blemishing. The temperature of the room and fridge is also very critical and I need to play with that.